Archive for the ‘NIH government shutdown’ Tag

Significant Budget Cuts Imminent For the National Institutes of Health

Guest Blog by Luke Bouvier, PhD

In a notice issued a few days ago on February 21, the NIH released some additional details about its contingency plans if sequestration goes into effect this Friday, March 1, as scheduled.  In order to hit the mandated 5.1% budget cut, the NIH “likely will reduce the final FY 2013 funding levels of non-competing continuation grants and expects to make fewer competing awards.”  Non-competing continuation awards, which have generally been funded this year at 90% of the previous commitment level because of the ongoing budget uncertainty, may see some restoration above the current level “but likely will not reach the full FY 2013 commitment level described in the Notice of Award.”  The NIH also confirmed that in the event of the budget sequester, each of the 27 NIH Institutes and Centers will detail its own approach to meeting the reduced budget level.

Science likewise reported that a press conference held at the NIH last week confirmed the bleak budget outlook.  NIH Director Francis Collins and Senator Barbara Mikulski (D-MD) warned that the coming sequester cut of $1.57 billion to the NIH’s $31 billion budget would “slow scientific progress, delay clinical trials, and put a generation of young researchers at risk.”  Collins reported that “everything will take a hit,” though Institute directors will be able to use their discretion in allocating cuts among programs such as single-investigator grants, centers, and intramural research.  Referring to NIH staff and intramural researchers, Collins added that “we will do everything we can to try not to furlough or to lay off employees.”  Nobel Prize winner Carol Greider, chair of the Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics at Johns Hopkins University, also appeared at the press conference and lamented that the looming cuts could reduce NIH’s grant success rate from an already-low 17-18% down to 15%, which would translate to a reduction of grants in the hundreds, forcing cutbacks in biomedical labs throughout the country.  Collins confirmed that many high-scoring grant proposals have not received any funding yet at all because of the lack of budgetary clarity, adding that “some of that science is being held up as we try to figure out what resources we actually have in fiscal year ’13.”  Though few observers now believe that the sequester cuts can still be averted by March 1, Senator Mikulski, chair of the Senate Appropriations Committee, hopes that the NIH cuts will eventually be remedied in a budgetary deal to fund the federal government through the remainder of the current fiscal year.  That deal would have to be reached before the current Continuing Resolution expires on March 27, or else a government shutdown could result.

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Posted February 25, 2013 by Meg Bouvier in Biomedical research, medical grant writing, medical policy writing, NIH grantwriting

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NIH To Receive $30.7B For FY11, Spared Major Budget Cuts– For Now

The NIH will receive $30.7B for FY11, which is $260M below the FY10 level. The cuts will be spread across all 27 institutes and centers, and the Office of the Director and building account. The threatened language requiring NIH to support a specified number of new grants at a minimum funding level does not appear in the bill. David Moore of the Association of American Medical Colleges is quoted in a Science magazine breaking news article: “”The final outcome for NIH has to be viewed as relatively good news. Certainly people will be disappointed research is being cut, but in the current budget climate it could have been a lot worse.” While NIH has been spared major budget cuts for now, the FY12 budgets are now before Congress, and many legislators are proposing deeper cuts.

NIH FY11 Budget On The Chopping Block?

As the White House and House Republicans continue to negotiate toward a Thursday deadline for an FY11 budget to fund the final six months of the year, it appears that NIH may be on the chopping block. Rumors are all over the place and no definitive information seems to be available. An earlier Senate budget plan would have maintained NIH funding at its FY10 level. But with $38 billion to cut from the budget, any nondefense discretionary spending is at risk.

While I hesitate to link to an article from a partisan journal like The Nation without balancing it with other viewpoints, alas there is little definitive news arising from the murky depths of “budget negotiation hell” this week. So with that caveat, I encourage you to take a look at this article in The Nation.

The author states that NIH’s $31B annual budget accounts for one-third of the Department of Health and Human Services discretionary spending. She argues that cutting the budget would not make a meaningful dent in the budget deficit, as NIH only accounts for 2.9% of total discretionary spending.

Research funded through NIH extramural funds would not be supported by other sources. For-profit companies will develop promising research through R&D, but basic science funding must first get a project to the point where it shows enough promise to be developed.

The author goes on to say that if there were cuts, “The NCI will prioritize funding the same level of new grants (they currently fund 14 percent of new grant applications), but will have to cut funding from cancer centers. Others will have to choose between new and existing grants. When ongoing grants aren’t renewed, work may simply stop.” The fear is that we will lose the best and brightest scientists to industry, other fields, and/or other countries with a less draconian funding climate.

She states further, “Funding ‘basic science’ doesn’t sound appealing in lean-budget times, but cutting research in times of economic woe is counterproductive. Nearly 90 percent of the NIH research budget gets distributed across the country, employing scientists and lab technicians.”

Need I add that we as a nation spend billions of dollars each year treating preventable diseases? I recently blogged about the upcoming Community Transformation Grants, which target such diseases. It is funded through the Affordable Care Act, all aspects of which are at-risk for funding cuts– which seems economically short-sighted to me.

The author of the article concludes with the compelling statistic that each year 300,000 people die of cancer, which is the equivalent of losing 3,000 people in the Twin Towers every other day. She encourages those who support traditional defense spending to consider which enemy poses the greatest threat, and asserts that biomedical research is our best defense.

Many groups are organizing campaigns to oppose possible NIH budget cuts. For example, the Pancreatic Cancer Action Network has organized a Facebook page to “Help Oppose NIH Budget Cuts” And many biomedical research groups and foundations are encouraging members to contact their senators and representatives.

I know I posted this quote in support of basic science research recently, but given the circumstances this week I feel it bears repeating:

“None of the most important weapons transforming warfare in the 20th century- the airplane, tank, radar, jet engine, helicopter, electronic computer, not even the atomic bomb- owed its initial development to a Doctrinal Requirement or request of the military.”

John Chambers, ed. The Oxford Companion to American Military History (New York, Oxford University Press, 1999 p. 79.)

Government Shutdown Averted

A shutdown was avoided in the eleventh hour last night. The budget for the rest of FY11 will be cut by $39B, but Planned Parenthood and NPR will be spared. Details about the HHS budget were not yet available. Perhaps now NIH can make some funding decisions on Cycle II NIH grants from last year. As of now, grants submitted during Cycle II last calendar year should have been notified in January ’11. Only the highest scoring grants were funded, though in many cases information about the funding award ($) was delayed or is still not available. Many proposals at or near the anticipated funding line have not yet received a decision, as nervous NIH Program Officers were reluctant to overcommit funds in the absence of a budget. Cycle III grants from last calendar year should hear in May, so hopefully now that we have a budget those decision will not be delayed.

HHS Prepares For A Government Shutdown

I remember not-so-fondly the government shutdown in 1995. I had just started my post-doc at NINDS — after four years in grad school I was flat broke, and horrified to learn I would be without a paycheck for a while. Today, with the midnight deadline looming and no FY11 budget on the horizon, government agencies prepare for another shutdown of the federal government. What does that mean for the Department of Health and Human Services? The only programs that will remain in operation are those that are necessary for the safety of life and the protection of property, or those funded through other sources.

The NIH operates a world-class Clinical Center where every patient is enrolled in a research protocol. While the 1443 studies currently running will remain in effect, no new patients will be enrolled. Of those studies, 60 are clinical trials for children with cancer. Reduced hospital staff will focus only on caring for patients already in the Clinical Center. No new studies will begin during a shutdown. NIH has eight studies ready to commence next week—four of them involve children, and two of those involve children with cancer. None of them will be initiated during a shutdown. For further information, read on:

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH & HUMAN SERVICES

Contingency Plan One Page Summary

I. Services and programs that will remain operational.

Please list major services that will continue at the agency and identify the reason each is able to continue – either “other funding source” or “necessary for the safety of life and the protection of property”.

NAME OF SERVICE/PROGRAM REASON
Health care reform implementation (CCIIO) Affordable Care Act funding
IHS direct clinical services Safety of life
TANF, foster care grants, child support enforcement grants Mandatory funding
Suicide prevention hotline Safety of life
NIH direct clinical services & research protocols for current patients Safety of life
FDA import monitoring Safety of life
Medicare provider payments Mandatory funding[i]
Medicaid payments to states, CHIP Mandatory funding

 

II. Services and programs that will be closed.

  • New grants and ongoing technical assistance to Head Start centers will cease
  • NIH Clinical Center will not take on additional patients nor begin new clinical trials.
  • Technical support to local behavioral health services will cease
  • No new service grants (e.g. Ryan White HIV/AIDS grantees)
  • FDA review of new pharmaceuticals and medical devices

III. Key citizen services that will be impacted.

  • Food & drug safety reporting – monitoring of negative drug interactions and some food safety inspections suspended
  • Medicare services – services for beneficiaries, such as 1-800 Medicare, the Medicare and You handbook, and website updates could be limited, with longer hold and wait times.
  • Medical research – NIH Clinical Center clinical trial recruitment shut down

IV. Employees.

  • Total Agency Employees: 76,348
  • Total Employees Furloughed: 47,693

 

 

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